Supercomputer Predicts Optical and Thermal Properties of Complex Hybrid Materials

Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. These types of so-called layered “hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites”—or HOIPs—are popular targets for light-based devices such as solar cells and

Advancing the Thermal Management and Safety of Batteries by Calorimetry

The Calorimeter Center at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology’s (KIT) Institute for Applied Materials – Applied Materials Physics, operates Europe’s largest battery calorimeter laboratory. It provides six Accelerating Rate Calorimeters (ARCs) of different sizes – from coin to large pouch or prismatic

Heat Transfer Surprise Could Lead to Thermal Transistors

As much as 100 times more heat than predicted by the standard radiation theory can flow between two nanoscale objects, even at bigger-than-nanoscale distances, researchers at the University of Michigan and the College of William and Mary have reported in the journal Nature.

Improved Thermal-Shock Resistance in Industrial Ceramics

Ceramic materials are used in nuclear, chemical and electrical power generation industries because of their ability to withstand extreme environments. However, at high temperatures, ceramics are susceptible to thermal-shock fractures caused by rapid temperature-changing events, such as cold water droplet contact with

Thermal Switch Discovered in Engineered Squid-Based Biomaterials

Tuning materials for optimal optical and electrical properties is becoming commonplace. Now, researchers and manufacturers may be able to tune materials for thermal conductivity by using a squid-inspired protein made of multiple DNA repeats. “Controlling thermal transport in modern technologies — refrigeration,

Superflexible Aerogels are Efficient Absorbents and Thermal Insulators

Aerogel has, until now, been limited due to brittleness for the practical application of these delicate solids, which consist almost entirely of air-filled pores. This may now change, as the the journal Angewandte Chemie reports that Japanese researchers have now introduced extremely elastic aerogels